National Archaeology Museum. It’s currently located in Belém, in one of the wings of the Jerónimos’ Monastery. There are several ways to get there, namely busses and trams, all of which can be checked on the website of the transports company Carris (click on “route simulator” and write Belém as destination). Another option is the urban train along the river, which departs from the subway-connected station at Cais do Sodré every 10 to 20 minutes. See caveats 2 and 3 on tickets and stops.
Millenium BCP Archaeological Nucleus. Located in downtown Lisbon, at the Rua dos Correeiros n. 9, it originated after the bank begun construction works for a garage and came across remains from the 4th century BCE to the 19th century. Being a true glimpse of thousands of years of history and, construction plans were changed and the site preserved as a museum. It’s free, has its own guide, and it’s an in situ journey to Lisbon’s remote and more recent past. You just have to book it at an open office next to the museum’s entrance and yes, they have tours in English. The closest subways stations are Baixa-Chiado and Terreiro do Paço, both in the blue line. See caveat 3 on tickets.
City’s Museum. As part of its permanent exhibit there are archaeological pieces from the Roman period, including votive inscriptions. The museum is housed in a palace in one end of the Campo Grande gardens, right next to the subway station with the same name. See caveat 3 on tickets.
Lisbon’s Cathedral. The city’s main medieval church, it still bears scars of the 1755 earthquake and 20th century (re)construction works, especially in the cloister, where remains of a Roman street and buildings were excavated several years ago. Currently, the entrance fee to the cloister is 2.5 Euros, but it may rise in the future. The closest subway station is Terreiro do Paço, but you’ll have to walk up the slope. Along the way, you’ll pass by the Magdalena’s square, next to which are the votive inscriptions to Mercury and Magna Mater (at the Travessa do Almada), and enter Saint Anthony’s square, which may have been the location of the Roman Forum.
Roman Theatre Museum. Situated right next to the cathedral, it’s free and has several electronic terminals where you can read information on the History of the building and the exhibited pieces, which include remains of the theatre and everyday objects. The top exit of the museum leads to the only visible part of the ruins.
1. Lisbon’s subway network has four lines, three of which are of interest to the present topic: blue line (Baixa-Chiado and Terreiro do Paço), yellow line (Campo Grande), and green line (Cais do Sodré, which connects with a train terminal).
In the stations, direction is indicated not by the cardinal point (like east or westbound in London’s tube), but by the last stop at either end of the line.
2. If you decide to go to Belém by train, be aware that not all of those that depart from Cais do Sodré make a stop there. Check the electronic board on the platform to see if it shows Belém in the list of stops.
3. Train and subway paper tickets can be topped-up in any of the respective network’s stations, so don’t throw them away. Otherwise you’ll keep paying extra for every new ticket you buy.
D’ENCARNAÇÃO, José 1975. Divindades indígenas sob o domínio romano em Portugal, Lisboa: Imprensa Nacional-Casa da Moeda.
De Expugnatione Lyxbonensi, trad. Aires de Nascimento, 2001, Lisboa: Vega.
DE GÓIS, Damião 1554. Urbis Olisiponis Descriptio – Descrição da cidade de Lisboa,[reed. 2009] trad. Raúl Machado, Lisboa: Frenesi.
GUARDADO DA SILVA, Carlos 2008. Lisboa Medieval, Lisboa: Colibri.
HÜBNER, Emílio 1871. Notícias Archeologicas de Portugal, trad. Academia de Ciências de Lisboa, Lisboa: Typographia da Academia.
LEITE DE VASCONCELOS, José 1905. Religiões da Lusitânia, vol. II [facsimile edition – 1981], Lisboa: Imprensa Nacional-Casa da Moeda.
__________________________ 1913. Religiões da Lusitânia, vol. III [facsimile edition – 1981], Lisboa: Imprensa Nacional-Casa da Moeda.
MOITA, Irisalva (ed.) 1994. O Livro de Lisboa, Lisboa: Horizonte.
PLINY THE ELDER. Natural History
VARRO. De Re Rustica
VIEIRA DA SILVA, Augusto 1944. Epigrafia de Olisipo: subsídio para a História da Lisboa romana, Lisboa: Câmara Municipal de Lisboa.